The Problem Statement in the Research Paper

 

problem statement research paper

The first thing you that need to do on a research paper is to write your problem statement. This is a personal statement which would identify the specific problem that you wish to address. For you to write your problem statement, you have to think of a topic that you think is relevant and requires immediate yet realizable solution. Feb 14,  · A research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, a condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation. Problem Statement Topic Research Problem Justification for Research Problem Deficiencies in the Evidence Relating the Discussion to Audiences Subject area •Concern or issue •A problem •Something that needs a solution •Evidence from the literature •Evidence from practical experience •In this body of evidence what is missing or what.


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A research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, a condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation.

A research problem does not state how to do something, offer a vague or broad proposition, or present a value question. Bryman, Alan. Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln, editors. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage,pp. The purpose of a problem statement is to:. So What! In the social sciences, the research problem establishes the means by which you must problem statement research paper the "So What?

This question refers to a research problem surviving the relevancy test [the quality of a measurement procedure that provides repeatability and accuracy]. Note that answering the "So What?

To survive the "So What" question, problem statements should possess the following attributes:. Critical Writing and Thinking. The Writing Center. Dean of the College.

Brown University; Ellis, problem statement research paper, Timothy J. Writing Center. University of Wisconsin, Madison; Thesis Statements. Purdue University. Types and Content, problem statement research paper. There are four general conceptualizations of a research problem problem statement research paper the social sciences:. A problem statement in the social sciences should contain :. Sources of Problems for Investigation.

The identification of a problem to study can be challenging, not because there's a lack of issues that could be investigated, but due to the challenge of formulating an academically relevant and researchable problem which is unique and does not simply duplicate the work of others.

To facilitate how you might select a problem from which to build a research study, consider these sources of inspiration:, problem statement research paper. Deductions from Theory This relates to deductions made from social philosophy or generalizations embodied in life and in society that the researcher is familiar with.

These deductions from human behavior are then placed within an empirical frame of reference through research. From a theory, the researcher can formulate a research problem or hypothesis stating the expected findings in certain empirical situations, problem statement research paper. Interdisciplinary Perspectives Identifying a problem that forms the basis for a research study can come from academic movements and scholarship originating in disciplines outside of your primary area of study.

This can be an intellectually stimulating problem statement research paper. A review of pertinent literature should include examining research from related disciplines that can reveal new avenues of exploration and analysis, problem statement research paper.

An interdisciplinary approach to selecting a research problem offers an opportunity to construct a more comprehensive understanding of a very complex issue that any single discipline may be able to provide. Interviewing Practitioners The identification of research problems about particular topics can arise from problem statement research paper interviews or informal discussions with practitioners who provide insight into new directions for future research and how to make research findings more relevant to practice.

Discussions with experts in the field, such as, teachers, social workers, health care providers, lawyers, business leaders, etc. This approach also provides some practical knowledge which may help in the process of designing and conducting your study, problem statement research paper. Personal Experience Don't undervalue your everyday experiences or encounters as worthwhile problems for investigation. This can be problem statement research paper, for example, from deliberate observations of certain relationships for which there is no clear explanation or witnessing an event that appears harmful to a person or group or that is out of the ordinary.

Relevant Literature The selection of a research problem can be derived from a thorough review of pertinent research associated with your overall area of interest.

This may reveal where gaps exist in understanding a topic or where an issue has been understudied. Research may be conducted to: 1 fill such gaps in knowledge; 2 evaluate if the methodologies employed in prior studies can be adapted to solve other problems; or, 3 determine if a similar study could be conducted in a different subject area or applied in a different context or to different study sample [i.

Also, authors frequently conclude their studies by noting implications for further research; read the conclusion of pertinent studies because statements about further research can be a valuable source for identifying new problems to investigate. The fact that a researcher has identified a topic worthy of further exploration validates the fact it is worth pursuing. What Makes a Good Research Statement?

A good problem statement begins by introducing the broad area in which your research is centered, gradually leading the reader to the more specific issues you are investigating. The statement need not be lengthy, but a good research problem should incorporate the following features:. Compelling Topic The problem chosen should be one that motivates you to address it but simple curiosity is not a good enough reason to pursue a research study because this does not indicate significance.

Supports Multiple Perspectives The problem must be phrased in a way that avoids dichotomies and instead supports the generation and exploration of multiple perspectives. A general rule of thumb in the social sciences is that a good research problem is one that would generate a variety of viewpoints from a composite audience made up of reasonable people.

Researchability This isn't a real word but it represents an important aspect of creating a good research statement. It seems a bit obvious, but you don't want to find yourself in the midst of investigating a complex research project and realize that you don't have enough prior research to draw from for your analysis. There's nothing inherently wrong with problem statement research paper research, but you must choose research problems that can be supported, in some way, by the resources available to you.

If you are not sure if something is researchable, don't assume that it isn't if you don't find information right away--seek help from a librarian! A topic is something to read and obtain information about, whereas a problem is something to be solved or framed as a question raised for inquiry, consideration, or solution, or explained as a source of perplexity, distress, or vexation.

In short, a research topic is something to be understood; a research problem is something that needs to be investigated. Asking Analytical Questions about the Research Problem. Research problems in the social and behavioral sciences are often analyzed around critical questions that must be investigated. These questions can be explicitly listed in the introduction [i. Explicitly listing your research questions at the end of your introduction can help in designing a clear roadmap of what you plan to address in your study, whereas, implicitly integrating them into the text of the introduction allows you to create a more compelling narrative around the key issues under investigation.

Either approach is appropriate. The number of questions you attempt to address should be based on the complexity of the problem you are investigating and what areas of inquiry you find most critical to study.

Practical considerations, such as, the length of the paper you are writing or the availability of resources to analyze the issue can also factor in how many questions to ask.

In general, however, there should be no more than four research questions underpinning a single research problem. Given this, well-developed analytical questions can focus on any of the following:. You should still ask yourself these latter questions, however. Thinking introspectively about the who, what, where, and when of a research problem can help ensure that you have thoroughly considered all aspects of the problem under investigation and help define the scope of the study in relation to the problem.

Mistakes to Avoid. Beware of circular reasoning! Do not state that the problem statement research paper problem as simply the absence of the thing you are suggesting. For example, if you propose the following, "The problem in this community is that there is no hospital," this only leads to a research problem where:. This is an example of a research problem that fails the "So What?

In this example, the problem does not reveal the relevance of why you are investigating the fact there is no hospital in the community [e. Writing CSU. Purdue University; Procter, Margaret, problem statement research paper. Using Thesis Statements. University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Trochim, William M. Problem Formulation.

Research Methods Knowledge Base, problem statement research paper. Purdue University; Walk, Kerry. Asking an Analytical Question. Princeton University; White, Patrick. New York: Palgrave McMillan, Contact us.

The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition A research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, problem statement research paper condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation.

Importance of The purpose of a problem statement is to: Introduce the reader to the importance of the topic being studied. The reader is oriented to the significance of the study. Anchors the research questions, hypotheses, or assumptions to follow. It offers a concise statement about the purpose of your paper. Place the topic into a particular context that defines the parameters of what is to be investigated.

Provide the framework for reporting the results and indicates what is probably necessary to conduct the study and explain how the findings will present this information. To survive the "So What" question, problem statements should possess the following attributes: Clarity and precision [a well-written problem statement research paper does not make sweeping generalizations and irresponsible pronouncements; it also does include unspecific determinates like "very" or "giant"], Demonstrate a researchable topic or issue [i.

Structure and Writing Style I. Types and Content There are four general conceptualizations of a research problem in the social sciences: Casuist Research Problem -- this type of problem relates to the determination of right and wrong in problem statement research paper of conduct or conscience by analyzing moral dilemmas through the application of general rules and the careful distinction of special cases.

This a common approach to defining a problem in the clinical social sciences or behavioral sciences. Descriptive Research Problem -- typically asks the question, "what is? This problem is often associated with revealing hidden or understudied issues.

 

Problem Statement from Paper Masters

 

problem statement research paper

 

Feb 14,  · A research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, a condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation. May 15,  · A problem statement is a short, succinct explanation of a problem a business is facing and a proposed solution to the problem. Problem statements can be effective ways to define an issue and communicate a solution within a short span of time%(26). Problem Statement Topic Research Problem Justification for Research Problem Deficiencies in the Evidence Relating the Discussion to Audiences Subject area •Concern or issue •A problem •Something that needs a solution •Evidence from the literature •Evidence from practical experience •In this body of evidence what is missing or what.