Medical Ethics and Physician-Patient Encounters: Case Studies and Best Practices

 

medical law and ethics case studies

Jan 28,  · Stem cell research is extremely controversial for many in the medical field because of the conflict of two very separate beliefs. History doesn’t only repeat itself, but is also serves as a precedent especially when legal cases are concerned. These five historical medical ethics cases continue to impact the legal and medical field. ReferencesAuthor: n-prizereads.ga Within 48 hours of being put on Paxil Schell killed his wife, daughter, infant granddaughter, and himself. Tim Tobin, Schell’s son-in-law, took legal action against SmithKline (now GlaxoSmithKline). The Tobin case was heard in Wyoming from May 21 to June 6, The jury returned a guilty verdict against SmithKline and awarded Tobin $ International Relations Ethics Case Studies The Carnegie Council offers this series of 22 case studies for use in college and university classrooms. Each case presents and analyzes an historical example of an ethical dilemma in international affairs. Journalism. Society of Professional Journalists Ethics Case Studies. Military Ethics. Cases.


Cases on Medical Ethics - Markkula Center for Applied Ethics


A comatose, ventilator-dependent, car accident victim lies in an intensive care unit while her husband and her parents discuss her future quality of life and argue about what type of care she would have wanted.

This scenario may initially come to mind when the average person hears the term medical ethics. However, the concept of medical ethics is much more common in everyday practice than a dramatic ICU clash is. The discipline of ethics often moves quietly through physician-patient interactions. For example, a year-old male patient comes to a dermatologist with severe acne.

He has had the condition since the age of 14, and he is still experiencing persistent pimples, pustules and inflamed cysts on his face and back. In addition to being a clinical interaction, this is an ethical interaction. When a patient requested help, the dermatologist used her ability and training to benefit the patient and to do him no harm, fulfilling the ethical obligations accepted by doctors since the fifth century B. The concept of risk management in healthcare began in the s.

Professionals in the field of risk management identify and analyze problems that have occurred in care, and they develop and implement techniques to improve experience by minimizing patient injuries. An unresolved moral issue in patient care is a potential liability exposure; therefore, recommending ways to resolve clinical ethical issues is a means for reducing overall lawsuit risks, which is the fundamental goal of risk management.

Many physicians may be familiar with four basic principles of medical ethics developed by ethicists Beauchamp and Childress: 6, medical law and ethics case studies. These four principles can clarify ethical problems and help resolve them, according to Beauchamp and Childress as well as other ethicists.

The four principles are useful for identifying the core theme of an ethical issue. This interaction depicts the principle of beneficence — the physician is acting in the best interests of the patient. If the patient refuses to take the antibiotic and will only agree to non-medicinal therapies such as elevation, immobilization and saline dressings for her leg, the principle of autonomy becomes prominent in the interaction. Mahowald goes further by suggesting guidelines to help adapt the four principles to specific clinical ethics challenges.

She proposes: 9. If every medical encounter has an ethical component, then summaries of closed malpractice claims, which exhibit various interactions with patients, can serve as a source for ethical themes in healthcare. It stands to reason, medical law and ethics case studies, therefore, that physicians and other healthcare professionals can learn something more about ethics by studying a series of claims and contemplating their ethical medical law and ethics case studies. The cases linked below focus on specific patient interactions in which it was vital for the involved physician to establish good communication to create a therapeutic alliance.

Most cases occurred in ordinary ambulatory practice settings. In case studies listed below, we look at a series of closed malpractice cases that all deal with common interactions physicians have with patients. These claims contain both ethical and risk management features. After presenting each case, medical law and ethics case studies, we will discuss its ethical elements using the ideas of Beauchamp, Childress, Mahowald and other ethicists. Then we will explore risk management facets of the case by giving medical liability risk management recommendations that may help lower the risk that patients will be injured, thus decreasing the likelihood that future medical liability lawsuits will be filed.

Many of the physicians in the cases acted ethically and within the standard of care. This is usually true in medicine: physicians are generally used to wading through ethical tides, negotiating the ebbs and surges. Everyday ethics in internal medicine resident clinic: medical law and ethics case studies opportunity to teach. Medical Education. Development of a risk management program. Zimmet Medical law and ethics case studies. Ethics in patient care.

Part II: moral principles. Principles of Biomedical Ethics. DiGiovanni LM. Ethical issues in obstetrics. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America. Mahowald MB. Bioethics and Women: Across the Life Span. Everyday ethics issues in the outpatient clinical practice of pediatric residents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. Login Sign Up Now. Search Site. Contact Us : Knowledge Library. Recently Added. All rights reserved.

 

Cases in Medical Ethics: Student-Led Discussions - Markkula Center for Applied Ethics

 

medical law and ethics case studies

 

Jan 28,  · Stem cell research is extremely controversial for many in the medical field because of the conflict of two very separate beliefs. History doesn’t only repeat itself, but is also serves as a precedent especially when legal cases are concerned. These five historical medical ethics cases continue to impact the legal and medical field. ReferencesAuthor: n-prizereads.ga I was a Hackworth Fellow for the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University. I was also a pre-medical student, and am currently attending the Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. During my senior year at Santa Clara, I led discussions on medical ethics with students interested in medicine. Single-procedure interventions with minimal follow-up and clear quality-of-life gain are well suited for surgical mission trips. But not all risks and benefits are easily assessed.